When deciding who will take care of you or an elderly loved one as they age, it’s useful to grasp the variations between the most popular types of senior care.
Senior living homes and care alternatives abound to meet the requirements of elders, but choosing the appropriate one for a loved one can be overwhelming for family members. It is even harder if there is doubt about what Medicaid or insurance will cover.
Even though family caregivers are frequently the most equipped, educating yourself about other care options and what they offer is still a good idea since you never know when you’ll need them.
Senior Care Options
1. Aging in Place
When someone ages in place, it means they stay in the home of their choice for as long as possible. Aging in place includes supplying older adults with any services (or other support) they might want as their needs alter over time.
For independent seniors, aging in place is frequently the best option; however, those who require care can get it from visits from family caregivers like you or paid senior carers (or a combination).
While some seniors may find it more affordable to stay at home rather than move into a facility, The Urban Institute concluded that aging in place could be prohibitively expensive due to home maintenance, renovations, and medical care costs. The group encourages making sure it can survive financially.
2. Family Caregiving
Family caregiving can range from simple full-time care to elaborate full-time care, according to MSD Manuals. Although it may differ for each family, this alternative relies on relatives rather than experts or a facility.
Family caregiving may be the best alternative for some seniors with local relatives who are willing and able to help, given that paying professionals or residing in a facility is expensive.
While some families can divide the caregiving duties among numerous members, caregivers are compelled to work alone. Family caregiving might be augmented with paid help or respite care if you find it too taxing to handle alone.
3. Active Communities
These communities provide independent living units that require little maintenance for persons over 55. An active adult community can be a good option for your elderly relatives if they are independent and desire a homelike setting, but you are concerned about their lack of social support. Typically, residents live alone in townhomes, condos, or apartments. Social services and recreational opportunities are frequently offered, but no medical care is offered.
The American Academy of Family Physicians defines these neighborhoods for seniors (usually 55 and over) as an “age-restricted community.” Some communities are broadly based, while others, like the LGBTQ+ community, are more specialized.
According to the AAFP, this choice is excellent for healthy seniors who can fully care for themselves and their houses but desire a built-in community with some shared services.
4. Independent Living
According to Help Guide, any housing arrangement geared at older persons, often those over 55, is known as independent living.
This choice often offers greater structure and on-site services, including eating, social and recreational activities, security, exercise centers, and other amenities that can improve the lives of seniors and relieve pressure on their families. Additionally, if necessary, other ways of support are typically available.
They are designed for older adults who are still independent and do not need assistance with everyday activities or medical care but prefer more amenities and services than active communities can offer.
5. Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs)
As a resident’s health and needs change, CCRCs offer a long-term continuing care contract for housing, residential services, and nursing care, typically in a single location and for their entire lives. CCRCs enable residents to transition from independent living to assisted living to skilled nursing care.
Residents may have to move within the campus housing, but they stay in the same neighborhood, which is advantageous for people looking for stability and avoiding the hassles associated with regular changes. Aging couples with different requirements who want to live in the same neighborhood may find it the perfect answer.
Although CCRCs are a practical hybrid alternative, they can be expensive. Typically, they provide one of several contract kinds; some have a fee that doesn’t change depending on the kind of care the senior needs, while others have increasing expenses if they require higher levels of care.
6. Assisted Living
Assisted living is an option for senior citizens who require assistance with some daily tasks. Independent living is more hands-off than assisted living, which is designed for seniors who are beginning to need assistance with everyday activities but don’t have significant medical problems.
It provides meals and transportation to medical appointments, exercise opportunities, and on-site facilities like beauty parlors or movie theaters.
If your loved one lives alone and needs assistance with everyday tasks such as cooking, cleaning, laundry, or bathing, these communities can help.
This choice is best for those without significant medical needs because some assisted living facilities provide access to specialized nursing care, while others do not.
7. Nursing Home
The highest quality of care for senior citizens outside a hospital is typically found in a nursing home. Nursing homes offer custodial care, which includes assistance with getting in and out of bed, feeding, bathing, and dressing.
These facilities may feel more clinical because they are more strictly regulated than earlier choices and have staff with greater medical training.
A nursing home is frequently the best option since it provides around-the-clock competent nursing for seniors who need assistance with more than just daily duties and have health conditions. Some older adults only require short-term care in nursing homes, such as for rehabilitation following a hospital stay, while others require long-term care for ongoing assistance and round-the-clock medical attention.
8. Memory Care
Memory care is intended to offer a secure, orderly atmosphere with established routines to lessen stress for those with dementia or Alzheimer’s.
These establishments are equipped to care for older adults who have dementia or Alzheimer’s. These facilities typically have more staff, attentive supervision, and security measures because this population is more inclined to wander.
This form of care typically offers nurses, is more individualized, and includes activities to enhance residents’ quality of life. These facilities can be a huge help to family caregivers who suffer from memory loss-related issues.
Deciding What’s Right For Your Loved One
Choosing the best elder caregiving choice might be difficult, particularly if you need help understanding how each option works.
To help you, here are a few tips you can use:
- Assess the medical, physical, and social needs of your loved one. Watch for any changes in their conduct or evaluate their health. Once you know their circumstance, it will be simpler to locate a caregiver who can meet their particular needs.
- Carry out research. Working with a specialist is not always necessary to find a suitable senior care facility. Occasionally, careful research will offer you the necessary resources and give you a list of possible questions to pose to the caretakers.
- Talk to your loved ones. After conducting thorough research and identifying your options, open up the topic to your senior parents and consider their opinions.
While not all families can afford to place a senior relative in a care facility, those can benefit significantly from the provided facilities. Therefore, while choosing who will care for you and your loved ones in the future, it’s necessary to consider the possibilities stated above.
More so, choosing the best senior care alternative depends on needs, preferences, and budget.
To learn more about other options, you may also visit our Caregiving For A Seniors: An Overview article which can give you an idea whether having a caregiver may be a better option for you or your loved one.